Health Product Declaration (HPD)

The Health Product Declaration (HPD) provides a standardized way of reporting the material contents of building products, and the health effects associated with these materials. The HPD is developed according to the directions set forth by the Health Product Declaration Collaborative, and is considered to be complementary to life cycle documentation such as LCA and EPD.

HPD Consultant Services

Elixir Environmental offers services to help building product manufacturers complete their Health Product Declaration. We identify all ingredients in your product by working with your supply chain. Elixir assists you in gathering and reporting the information required to complete your HPD template. The final HPD is "self-declared" and identified as prepared by Elixir Environmental.

To be considered compliant, all sections of an HPD must be completed in accordance with the HPD Open Standard. While the ideal for the HPD is 100% disclosure of both content identity and hazards, the HPD Open Standard supports a variety of standards when disclosure limitations exist, including intellectual property concerns, technical capacity and supply chain communication gaps. Thus, a variety of threshold standards for disclosure of intentional ingredients or residuals are supported, including limiting the disclosure to only the percent by weight, functional role and associated health impacts in order to protect proprietary chemicals or materials.

Top AEC firms in the U.S. have already begun requesting HPDs from manufacturers. Firms such as Perkins+Will, Smith Group JJR, HKS, and ZGF are all encouraging building product manufacturers to provide HPDs in order to be considered for product specification. Manufacturers who provide HPDs will be given preference over manufacturers that don't comply with these requests. Elixir Environmental helps building product manufacturers develop HPDs to meet these new demands as well as for LEED projects.

The HPD Collaborative has outlined several steps to create a Health Product Declaration. Elixir Environmental helps you complete these critical steps.

Full Disclosure & Intellectual Property - A critical part of an HPD is the inventory of complete contents of the product as delivered for end use and the associated health hazards. For the inventory of contents, 100% disclosure of both content identity and health hazards is the ideal. Some manufacturers are able to provide full disclosure, while some manufacturers are concerned with intellectual property concerns, technical capacity and supply chain communication gaps, which make full disclosure challenging for some companies. Elixir Environmental works with the manufacturer to provide threshold standards of disclosure for intentional ingredients, residuals, and hazard.

The HPD is a transparent standard with a fixed format for disclosure. The HPD makes it clear what information is being shared and what information is not. Users of HPDs will often require or give preference to HPDs that at least comply with the "Full Disclosure of Known Hazards" requirements which requires some level of Residuals Disclosure. In addition, some users may also require or give preference to HPDs that comply with the "Full Disclosure of Intentional Ingredients" requirements. Elixir Environmental can help your company navigate the disclosure requirements.

How To Develop The HPD

LEED Credits

Building product manufacturers have several new opportunities to get specified by contributing more points on projects under LEED v4. The life-cycle approach to Materials and Resources credits in LEED offer incentives for project teams to specify products from manufacturers that provide full transparency of their product's environmental performance.

MR Materials Strategy

MR Credit 4: Building product disclosure and optimization - material ingredients

Intent: To encourage the use of products and materials for which life-cycle information is available and that have environmentally, economically, and socially preferable life-cycle impacts. To reward project teams for selecting products for which the chemical ingredients in the product are inventoried using an accepted methodology and for selecting products verified to minimize the use and generation of harmful substances. To reward raw material manufacturers who produce products verified to have improved life-cycle impacts.

OPTION 1: Material Ingredients Reporting (1 Point)

Use at least 20 different permanently installed products from at least five different manufacturers that use any of the following programs to demonstrate the chemical inventory of the product to at least 0.1% (1000 ppm).

Manufacturer Inventory. The manufacturer has a publicly available inventory of all ingredients identified by name and Chemical Abstract Service Registration Number (CASRN). Materials defined as trade secret or intellectual property may withhold the name and/or CASRN but must disclose role, amount and hazard screen using either GreenScreen v1.2 or GHS (2015).

Health Product Declaration. The end use product has a published, complete Health Product Declaration with full disclosure of known hazards in compliance with the Health Product Declaration Open Standard.

Cradle to Cradle. The end use product has been certified at the Cradle to Cradle v.2 Basic level or Cradle to Cradle v.3 Bronze level.

Declare. The Declare product label must indicate that all ingredients have been evaluated and disclosed to at least 1000 ppm.

ANSI/BIFMA e3 Furniture Sustainability Standard. The documentation from the assessor or scorecard from BIFMA must demonstrate the product earned at least 3 points under Advanced Level in e3-2014 or 3 points under Advanced Level in e3-2012.

Cradle to Cradle Material Health Certificate. The product has been certified at the Bronze level or higher and at least 90% of materials are assessed by weight.

Product Lens Certification.

Facts. NSF/ANSI 336: Sustainability Assessment for Commercial Furnishings Fabric at any certification level

USGBC approved program. Other USGBC approved programs meeting the material ingredient reporting criteria.


OPTION 2: Material Ingredient Optimization (1 Point)

Use products that document their material ingredient optimization using the paths below for at least 25%, by cost, of the total value of permanently installed products in the project.

GreenScreen v1.2 Benchmark.
Products that have fully inventoried chemical ingredients to 100 ppm that have no Benchmark 1 hazards:

Cradle to Cradle Certified.
End use products are certified Cradle to Cradle. Products will be valued as follows:

International Alternative Compliance Path - REACH Optimization.
End use products and materials that do not contain substances that meet REACH criteria for substances of very high concern. If the product contains no ingredients listed on the REACH Authorization or Candidate list, value at 100% of cost.

USGBC approved program. Products that comply with USGGBC approved building product optimization criteria.

HPDC Third-Party Verification Program

Elixir Environmental can assist product manufacturers with HPD verification. Currently, LEED v4 does not require verification nor award points for verified HPDs. However, the HPDC Third-Party Verification Program provides a framework for an additional level of assurance that a completed Health Product Declaration (HPD) fully complies with the HPD Open Standard.

Our team works with Approved HPD Third-Party Verifiers and sits on the HPDC Third Party Verification Program Committee. A Third Party Verification is conducted as a desk audit of the HPD and its documentation; it does not mandate an onsite audit that would review a Bill of Materials. Verification of an HPD is not a product certification or a declaration that the product is safe.

The HPD verification process for HPDs includes:

HPD collaborative logo

Health Product Declaration Open Standard Version 2

HPD Project User Guide

Materials Transparency & Risk For Architects

Better Building Materials Guide


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